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Comparative Study
, 25 (29), 28928-28941

Comparative Study of the Direct Black Removal by Fe, Cu, and Fe/Cu Nanoparticles

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Comparative Study

Comparative Study of the Direct Black Removal by Fe, Cu, and Fe/Cu Nanoparticles

Mariane F Ourique et al. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int.

Abstract

In this study, direct black dye removal was investigated using iron nanoparticles (Fe NPs), copper (Cu NPs), and Fe/Cu (Fe/Cu NPs). NPs were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Using a dose of 0.25 g L-1 of Fe, Cu, and Fe/Cu NPs, a degradation efficiency of 13, 26, and 43% respectively was obtained. For the 1.00 g L-1 dose, the efficiency increased to 100, 43, and 100%, respectively. Studies in anoxic and oxic conditions presented degradation rates, respectively, of 100 and 30% for Fe NPs, 90 and 50% for Fe/Cu NPs, and 40% in both reactions for Cu NPs, indicating that the mechanism of dye degradation by NPs is predominantly reducing under the conditions studied. The addition of EDTA decreased the dye removal rate for Fe, Cu, and Fe/Cu NPs at 27, 10, and 35%, respectively. In addition to the degradation, the adsorption phenomena of the by-products formed during the reaction were confirmed by the Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis and verified by the desorption tests. Fe and Fe/Cu NPs showed the highest efficiency in direct black dye reductive degradation and adsorption of by-products, removing 100% of the dye at a dose of 1 g L-1 within 10 min of reaction. Graphical abstracts ᅟ.

Keywords: Cu(I); Fe(0); Metallic nanoparticles; Reductive processes; Textile dye.

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