Sequential binding of actin monomers to plasma gelsolin and its inhibition by vitamin D-binding protein

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1986 Apr 14;136(1):72-9. doi: 10.1016/0006-291x(86)90878-8.


Functional studies that distinguish free from actin-bound gelsolin based on the ability of the former to sever actin filaments reveal that the binding of actin monomers to gelsolin is highly cooperative and can be prevented by prior incubation of actin with vitamin D-binding protein (DBP), even though the apparent affinity of gelsolin for actin is 50-fold greater than that of DBP. Measurements of actin binding by immunoprecipitation and pyrene-actin fluorescence establish that DBP-actin complexes do not bind to gelsolin and that DBP removes one of the actin monomers in a 2:1 actin-gelsolin complex. These studies may explain why DBP-actin complexes exist in blood plasma in vivo in the presence of free gelsolin and suggest that the interaction of gelsolin with actin in cells and plasma may be regulated in part by actin monomer binding proteins.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Actins / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / blood*
  • Chromatography, Affinity
  • Fluorescence
  • Gelsolin
  • Kinetics
  • Mathematics
  • Microfilament Proteins / blood*
  • Models, Chemical
  • Pyrenes
  • Rabbits
  • Time Factors
  • Vitamin D-Binding Protein / pharmacology*


  • Actins
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • Gelsolin
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • Pyrenes
  • Vitamin D-Binding Protein
  • pyrene