Acetylation of histone H3 at lysine 27 is a well-defined marker of enhancer activity. However, the functional impact of this modification at enhancers is poorly understood. Here, we use a chemical genetics approach to acutely block the function of the cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) binding protein (CBP)/P300 bromodomain in models of hematological malignancies and describe a consequent loss of H3K27Ac specifically from enhancers, despite the continued presence of CBP/P300 at chromatin. Using this approach to dissect the role of H3K27Ac at enhancers, we identify a critical role for this modification in the production of enhancer RNAs and transcription of enhancer-regulated gene networks.
Keywords: CBP; H3K27Ac; P300; bromodomain; enhancer; histone acetylation.
Copyright © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.