Intrinsic stochastic resonance via set-point variation

Phys Rev E. 2018 Jul;98(1-1):012218. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.98.012218.


In the present paper, the possibility of invoking stochastic resonance (SR, periodic and aperiodic) by regulating the operating value of an appropriate parameter is explored. The operating values of these parameters are defined as the set point of the system throughout the present paper. Brusselator, a mathematical model [I. Prigogine and R. Lefever, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 1695 (1968)JCPSA60021-960610.1063/1.1668896] of nonlinear chemical reactions, is used for this purpose. We consider the effect of intrinsic noise in the Brusselator due to the Markovian nature of the chemical reactions. The stochastic time evolution is studied using the Gillespie algorithm [D. T. Gillespie, J. Comput. Phys. 22, 403 (1976)JCTPAH0021-999110.1016/0021-9991(76)90041-3], which is an exact stochastic simulation algorithm. We analyze the dependence of the resonance point on both the strength of the intrinsic noise as well as the distance from the bifurcation point. Subsequently, the phenomena of SR is explored using both periodic and aperiodic stimulus. It was found that, for a given system size, in both cases, SR is achieved by variation of the set point. Set-point variation can be achieved by regulating either the source concentration or the rate constants. Resonance is observed in both cases. However, this resonance occurs at different values of the set point, even with a fixed system size. This is clearly seen in the set-point versus system-size plane, where the resonance line has different slopes for the two scenarios. Our semianalytic treatment points to the fact that for a given system size intrinsic noise is affected differently for different methods involving the variation of the set point. This is explained by writing the corresponding chemical Langevin equation and comparing the various intrinsic noise sources.