Effect of medication adherence on long-term all-cause-mortality and hospitalization for cardiovascular disease in 65,067 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients

Sci Rep. 2018 Aug 15;8(1):12190. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-30740-y.

Abstract

This study determined the effects of anti-diabetic medication adherence on the long-term all-cause mortality and hospitalization for cerebrovascular disease and myocardial infarction among newly diagnosed patients. The study used retrospective cohort from the National Health Insurance Service. Study participants were 65,076 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus patients aged ≥40 years. The medication adherence was evaluated from the proportion of days covered (PDC) between 2006 and 2007. Outcome variables were mortality, newly diagnosed cerebrovascular disease (CVD) and myocardial infarction (MI) in 2008-2017. Cox-proportional hazard regression analysis was performed. After adjusting for sex, age, monthly contribution, insurance type, medical institution type, Charlson comorbidity index score, disability, hypertension, and active ingredients of oral hypoglycemic agents, the adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) for all-cause-mortality of the lowest PDC group (<0.20) was 1.45 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.36-1.54) as compared to the highest PDC (≥0.8). The aHR for all-cause-mortality associated with PDC levels of 0.60-0.79, 0.40-0.59, and 0.20-0.39 were 1.19, 1.26, and 1.34, respectively (Ptrend < 0.001). Compared to the highest PDC group, diabetic patients with the lowest PDC had elevated risk for CVD (aHR = 1.41; 95% CI = 1.30-1.52; Ptrend < 0.001). Improving anti-diabetic medication adherence among newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus patients is essential to the reduce risk for cardiovascular disease and long-term all-cause mortality.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / mortality*
  • Female
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications
  • Male
  • Medication Adherence / psychology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / drug therapy
  • Myocardial Infarction / etiology
  • Patient Compliance / psychology
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Regression Analysis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors

Substances

  • Antihypertensive Agents