Mosquito-Borne Diseases

Prim Care. 2018 Sep;45(3):393-407. doi: 10.1016/j.pop.2018.05.001.


Mosquito-borne diseases have become more common as previously geographically isolated diseases have spread globally. Chikungunya, dengue, Japanese encephalitis, malaria, West Nile, yellow fever, and Zika are a few of the common and emerging viral diseases spread by mosquitoes. A thorough patient history, physical, and knowledge of diagnostic testing based on symptom duration is important to make a quick and accurate diagnosis. Because the treatment for many of these diseases is supportive, the emphasis is on reducing risk and spread of infection.

Keywords: Chikungunya; Dengue; Japanese encephalitis; Malaria; Mosquitoes; West Nile; Yellow fever; Zika.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chikungunya Fever / diagnosis
  • Chikungunya Fever / transmission
  • Culicidae* / parasitology
  • Culicidae* / virology
  • Dengue / diagnosis
  • Dengue / transmission
  • Encephalitis, Japanese / diagnosis
  • Encephalitis, Japanese / transmission
  • Humans
  • Insect Vectors* / parasitology
  • Insect Vectors* / virology
  • Malaria / diagnosis
  • Malaria / transmission
  • West Nile Fever / diagnosis
  • West Nile Fever / transmission
  • Yellow Fever / diagnosis
  • Yellow Fever / transmission
  • Zika Virus Infection / diagnosis
  • Zika Virus Infection / transmission