Hydrolyzing activities of phenyl valerate sensitive to organophosphorus compounds paraoxon and mipafox in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells

Toxicology. 2018 Aug 1:406-407:123-128. doi: 10.1016/j.tox.2018.07.016. Epub 2018 Aug 14.


The molecular targets of best known neurotoxic effects associated to acute exposure to organophosphorus compounds (OPs) are serine esterases located in the nervous system, although there are other less known neurotoxic adverse effects associated with chronic exposure to OPs whose toxicity targets are still not identified. In this work we studied sensitivity to the non-neuropathic OP paraoxon and to the neuropathic OP mipafox of phenyl valerate esterases (PVases) in intact and lysed human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. The main objective was to discriminate different unknown pools of esterases that might be potential targets of chronic effects from those esterases already known and recognized as targets to these acute neurotoxicity effects. Two components of PVases of different sensitivities were discriminated for paraoxon in both intact and lysed cells; while the two components inhibitable by mipafox were found only for intact cells. A completely resistant component to paraoxon of around 30% was found in both intact and lysed cells; while a component of slightly lower amplitude (around 20%) completely resistant to mipafox was also found for both preparations (intact and lysed cells). The comparison of the results between the intact cells and the lysed cells suggests that the plasma membrane could act as a barrier that reduced the bioavailability of mipafox to PVases. This would imply that the discrimination of the different esterases should be made in lysed cells. However, those studies which aim to determine the physiological role of these esterases should be necessarily conducted in intact cultured cells.

Keywords: Chronic neurotoxicity; Human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y; Mipafox; Paraoxon; Phenyl valerate esterase; Unknown neurotoxicity target.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Humans
  • Hydrolysis / drug effects
  • Isoflurophate / analogs & derivatives*
  • Isoflurophate / metabolism
  • Isoflurophate / toxicity
  • Neuroblastoma / metabolism*
  • Organophosphorus Compounds / metabolism*
  • Organophosphorus Compounds / toxicity
  • Paraoxon / metabolism*
  • Paraoxon / toxicity
  • Valerates / metabolism*
  • Valerates / toxicity


  • Organophosphorus Compounds
  • Valerates
  • Isoflurophate
  • phenyl valerate
  • mipafox
  • Paraoxon