Inhibitory effect of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on the growth of the renal carcinoma cell line

Kidney Int. 1986 Apr;29(4):834-40. doi: 10.1038/ki.1986.74.


We studied the effect of vitamin D compounds on the growth of the human renal carcinoma cell line (KU-2) and discovered a receptor protein specific for the active form of vitamin D3, 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. The KU-2 cell line was established from a pulmonary metastasis of renal cell carcinoma in a patient with hyperhemoglobinemia. The cells were tumorigenic in nude mice and clonogenic in a soft agar culture. Vitamin D3 derivatives suppressed proliferation of KU-2 cells in a monolayer culture and also clonogenicity in a soft agar culture dose-dependently. Of the vitamin D3 derivatives tested, 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 was the most potent in inhibiting cell growth, followed successively by 1 alpha,24R,25-trihydroxyvitamin D3, 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 and 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in that order. Analysis of the cell cycle phase of treated and non-treated KU-2 cells revealed that the action of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 was not phase-specific but simply extended the doubling time of the cells. Radioreceptor assay and sucrose density gradient analysis of the cytosol showed that KU-2 cells contained a 3.2S receptor protein to which 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 was specifically bound (Kd = 20.8 +/- 4.8 pM, Nmax = 87 +/- 24 fmole/mg protein, 4000 molecules/cell). On the other hand, the equilibrium dissociation constant of internalization of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (Kint) by intact KU-2 cells was 1.2 nM and the internalizing capacity was 33 fmole/8 X 10(6) cells (2500 molecules/cell) in the 10% serum medium, which was the same as that used in the growth study.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Calcitriol / pharmacology*
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell
  • Cell Division / drug effects*
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Survival / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Neoplasms
  • Receptors, Calcitriol
  • Receptors, Steroid / drug effects


  • Receptors, Calcitriol
  • Receptors, Steroid
  • Calcitriol