Congenital thrombocytopenia can easily be misdiagnosed as immune thrombocytopenic purpura, as is illustrated by this case of a woman and her two children. Doubts arose when steroid/IVIG therapy failed in the mother and the thrombocytopenia in the children persisted. By means of next-generation sequencing, two missense variants in cis in the ACTN1 gene of the affected family members were identified, both of unknown significance. We conclude, after further analysis of these mutations with, among others, in silico prediction tools, that the thrombocytopenia has a genetic cause, in particular the ACTN1 mutations, and is not immune mediated.
Keywords: ACTN1; ITP; actinin 1; congenital macrothrombocytopenia; next-generation sequencing.
© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.