The use of technology in neurology education has revolutionized many aspects of medical teaching, addressing some important challenges of modern education such as information overload and the unique needs of millennial learners. However, it also has inherent problems, such as depersonalization and high development costs. Due to the heterogeneity of different applications, it is difficult to establish general principles to guide front line educators, but it may be possible to describe "minimum" best practice elements. In this article, we examine commonalities of some of the most successful uses of technology in neurology education. We suggest the following for effective application of technology: (1) match technology to predetermined educational objectives, (2) characterize learners in relationship to technology, (3) optimize how technological components fit into the learning environment, (4) monitor and manage learner engagement with technology, (5) perform cost analyses, and (6) explore opportunities for educational scholarship and research.
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