Nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase. Molecular and enzymatic properties of the homogeneous enzyme from baker's yeast

Biochemistry. 1986 Jun 17;25(12):3725-9. doi: 10.1021/bi00360a037.


Nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) adenylyltransferase has been purified to homogeneity from baker's yeast crude extract. The purification procedure is relatively simple and consists of high-salt extraction of enzyme activity and precipitation with poly(ethylenimine), followed by ion-exchange and dye ligand chromatography separations. The final enzyme preparation is homogeneous as judged by a single Coomassie blue stainable band when run on nondenaturating and denaturating polyacrylamide gels. The native enzyme shows a molecular weight of about 200 000, calculated by gel filtration and sucrose gradient centrifugation. The protein possesses quaternary structure and is composed of four apparently identical Mr 50 000 subunits. The absorption spectrum shows a maximum at 280 nm and a minimum at 253 nm. The isoelectric point is 6.2. Amino acid composition analysis shows the presence of 28 half-cystine residues. The same result has been obtained by titrating the enzyme in denaturating conditions with Ellman's reagent after incubation with sodium borohydride. NMN adenylyltransferase is a glycoprotein containing 2% sugar, 2 mol of alkali-labile phosphate per mole of enzyme, and 1 mol of adenine moiety per mole of enzyme. Therefore, the possibility that the enzyme is ADP-ribosylated exists. The Km values for ATP, NMN, and nicotinate mononucleotide are 0.11 mM, 0.19 nM, and 5 mM, respectively. Kinetic analysis reveals a behavior that is consistent with an ordered sequential Bi-Bi mechanism. The pH optimum is in the range 7.2-8.4.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acids / analysis
  • Carbohydrates / analysis
  • Kinetics
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Molecular Weight
  • Nicotinamide-Nucleotide Adenylyltransferase / isolation & purification*
  • Nicotinamide-Nucleotide Adenylyltransferase / metabolism
  • Nucleotidyltransferases / isolation & purification*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology*


  • Amino Acids
  • Carbohydrates
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Nucleotidyltransferases
  • Nicotinamide-Nucleotide Adenylyltransferase