Case: We report a case of prominent venous dilation in the supraclavicular area with an underlying arteriovenous fistula following nonoperative management of a fracture in the medial third of the clavicle in an adult. The venous dilation indicated elevated venous pressures, likely caused by hypertrophic callus formation and/or fistula development.
Conclusion: Arteriovenous fistula and prominent venous dilation are possible sequelae of nonoperative treatment of clavicular fractures. Surgeons should be aware of their possibility when planning either operative or nonoperative treatment. More information is needed to guide management of these issues when they occur.