CBP and P300 regulate distinct gene networks required for human primary myoblast differentiation and muscle integrity

Sci Rep. 2018 Aug 22;8(1):12629. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-31102-4.


The acetyltransferases CBP and P300 have been implicated in myogenesis in mouse immortalized cell lines but these studies focused only on the expression of a handful of myogenic factors. Hence, the respective role of these two related cofactors and their impact at global scale on gene expression rewiring during primary myoblast differentiation remain unknown. Here, we characterised the gene networks regulated by these two epigenetic enzymes during human primary myoblast differentiation (HPM). We found that CBP and p300 play a critical role in the activation of the myogenic program and mostly regulate distinct gene sets to control several aspects of HPM biology, even though they also exhibit some degree of redundancy. Moreover, CBP or P300 knockdown strongly impaired muscle cell adhesion and resulted in the activation of inflammation markers, two hallmarks of dystrophic disease. This was further validated in zebrafish where inhibition of CBP and P300 enzymatic activities led to cell adhesion defects and muscle fiber detachment. Our data highlight an unforeseen link between CBP/P300 activity and the emergence of dystrophic phenotypes. They thereby identify CBP and P300 as mediators of adult muscle integrity and suggest a new lead for intervention in muscular dystrophy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation / genetics
  • Cell Line
  • E1A-Associated p300 Protein / genetics*
  • E1A-Associated p300 Protein / metabolism
  • Gene Regulatory Networks*
  • Humans
  • Muscle Development / genetics
  • Muscle, Skeletal / cytology
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
  • Myoblasts / cytology
  • Myoblasts / metabolism
  • Myoblasts / physiology*
  • Peptide Fragments / genetics*
  • Peptide Fragments / metabolism
  • Primary Cell Culture
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Sialoglycoproteins / genetics*
  • Sialoglycoproteins / metabolism
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Transcriptional Activation
  • Zebrafish


  • Peptide Fragments
  • Sialoglycoproteins
  • Trans-Activators
  • bone sialoprotein (35-62), human
  • E1A-Associated p300 Protein
  • EP300 protein, human