Telemedicine in Neurological Disorders: Opportunities and Challenges

Telemed J E Health. 2019 Jul;25(7):541-550. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2018.0101. Epub 2018 Aug 23.


Introduction:Telemedicine represents an emerging model for the assessment and management of various neurological disorders.Methods:We sought to discuss opportunities and challenges for the integration of telemedicine in the management of common and uncommon neurological disorders by reviewing and appraising studies that evaluate telemedicine as a means to facilitate the access to care, deliver highly specialized visits, diagnostic consultations, rehabilitation, and remote monitoring of neurological disorders.Results:Opportunities for telemedicine in neurological disorders include the replacement of or complement to in-office evaluations, decreased time between follow-up visits, reduction in disparities in access to healthcare, and promotion of education and training through interactions between primary care physicians and tertiary referral centers. Critical challenges include the integration of the systems for data monitoring with an easy-to-use, secure, and cost-effective platform that is both widely adopted by patients and healthcare systems and embraced by international scientific societies.Conclusions:Multiple applications may spawn from a model based on digitalized healthcare services. Integrated efforts from multiple stakeholders will be required to develop an interoperable software platform capable of providing not only a holistic approach to care but also one that reduces disparities in the access to care.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / diagnosis
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / therapy
  • Health Services Accessibility / organization & administration
  • Humans
  • Nervous System Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Nervous System Diseases / therapy*
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / diagnosis
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / therapy
  • Remote Sensing Technology*
  • Telemedicine / organization & administration*
  • Telerehabilitation / organization & administration
  • Time Factors