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Review

Clindamycin

In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan–.
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Review

Clindamycin

Patrick B. Murphy et al.
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Excerpt

Clindamycin is an FDA-approved for the treatment of septicemia, intra-abdominal infections, lower respiratory infections, gynecological infections, bone, and joint infections, and skin and skin structure infections. Clindamycin is also used in the treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis, acne vulgaris, bacterial vaginosis, and severe pelvic inflammatory disease. Although not a first-line treatment, Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has published guidelines for using intravenous (IV) clindamycin for the inpatient treatment of community-acquired pneumonia and aspiration pneumonia. Dentists will use clindamycin for prophylactic coverage against endocarditis. Anesthesiologists and surgeons will often administer clindamycin per American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) and IDSA guidelines as prophylaxis in the operating room. Gynecologists use clindamycin in combination with gentamycin +/- ampicillin for covering their patients with endometritis. It can also be an alternative to metronidazole for treating Gardnerella vaginosis, which presents with gray, fishy vaginal odor with clue cells on wet prep.

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