The Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS): Overview of Design and Methodology

Am J Public Health. 2018 Oct;108(10):1305-1313. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2018.304563. Epub 2018 Aug 23.


Data System. The Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) is an ongoing state-based surveillance system of maternal behaviors, attitudes, and experiences before, during, and shortly after pregnancy. PRAMS is conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Division of Reproductive Health in collaboration with state health departments. Data Collection/Processing. Birth certificate records are used in each participating jurisdiction to select a sample representative of all women who delivered a live-born infant. PRAMS is a mixed-mode mail and telephone survey. Annual state sample sizes range from approximately 1000 to 3000 women. States stratify their sample by characteristics of public health interest such as maternal age, race/ethnicity, geographic area of residence, and infant birth weight. Data Analysis/Dissemination. States meeting established response rate thresholds are included in multistate analytic data sets available to researchers through a proposal submission process. In addition, estimates from selected indicators are available online. Public Health Implications. PRAMS provides state-based data for key maternal and child health indicators that can be tracked over time. Stratification by maternal characteristics allows for examinations of disparities over a wide range of health indicators.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Birth Certificates
  • Birth Weight
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S.
  • Ethnicity / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Maternal Age
  • Population Surveillance / methods*
  • Postal Service
  • Pregnancy
  • Program Development
  • Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data
  • Risk Assessment / methods*
  • Telephone
  • United States