Purpose: To test if an encircling band improves outcomes in vitrectomy for pseudophakic retinal detachment (PRD) with inferior or with multiple (4 or more) breaks.
Methods: Subgroup analysis of a prospective randomized controlled multicenter trial in patients with uncomplicated PRD assigned either to 20 G vitrectomy plus encircling band (group E1), or 20 G vitrectomy without any buckle (group C), or 23/25 G vitrectomy without any buckle (group E2). The primary endpoint was defined as no indication for any retina reattaching procedure during the review period of 6 months. One hundred out of 257 patients were identified with inferior breaks and 63 patients had 4 or more breaks.
Results: In patients with retinal breaks between 5:00 and 7:00, treatment was successful in 77.4% (24/31, treatment arm E1) versus 57.1% (16/28, treatment arm C) (p = 0.301, odds ratio (OR) 1.83, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.48 to 7.17). In patients with multiple breaks, success rates were 68.2% (15/22, E1) versus. 72.4% (21/29, C, p = 0.46, OR 0.52, CI 0.08-3.65).
Conclusion: Combining an encircling band with vitrectomy in patients with pseudophakic retinal detachment and inferior or multiple breaks does not significantly improve primary anatomical success in comparison to treatment with 20 G or 23/25 G vitrectomy alone.
Keywords: Inferior breaks; Pseudophakic; Randomized clinical trial; Retinal detachment; Scleral buckling; Vitrectomy.