Cysteine oxidative modification of cellular proteins is crucial for many aspects of cardiac hypertrophy development. However, integrated dissection of multiple types of cysteine oxidative post-translational modifications (O-PTM) of proteomes in cardiac hypertrophy is currently missing. Here we developed a novel discovery platform that encompasses a customized biotin switch-based quantitative proteomics pipeline and an advanced analytic workflow to comprehensively profile the landscape of cysteine O-PTM in an ISO-induced cardiac hypertrophy mouse model. Specifically, we identified a total of 1655 proteins containing 3324 oxidized cysteine sites by at least one of the following three modifications: reversible cysteine O-PTM, cysteine sulfinylation (CysSO2H), and cysteine sulfonylation (CysSO3H). Analyzing the hypertrophy signatures that are reproducibly discovered from this computational workflow unveiled four biological processes with increased cysteine O-PTM. Among them, protein phosphorylation, creatine metabolism, and response to elevated Ca2+ pathways exhibited an elevation of cysteine O-PTM in early stages, whereas glucose metabolism enzymes were increasingly modified in later stages, illustrating a temporal regulatory map in cardiac hypertrophy. Our cysteine O-PTM platform depicts a dynamic and integrated landscape of the cysteine oxidative proteome, through the extracted molecular signatures, and provides critical mechanistic insights in cardiac hypertrophy. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD010336.
Keywords: biotin switch; cardiac hypertrophy; computational workflow; cubic spline; cysteine oxidative modification; redox proteomics.