Aims: To describe physicians' acceptance of decision-support electronic health record system and its impact on diabetes care goals among people with Type 2 diabetes.
Methods: We analysed data from participants in the Centre for Cardiometabolic Risk Reduction in South Asia (CARRS) trial, who received the study intervention (care coordinators and use of a decision-support electronic health record system; n=575) using generalized estimating equations to estimate the association between acceptance/rejection of decision-support system prompts and outcomes (mean changes in HbA1c , blood pressure and LDL cholesterol) considering repeated measures across all time points available. We conducted in-depth interviews with physicians to understand the benefits, challenges and value of the decision-support electronic health record system and analysed physicians' interviews using Rogers' diffusion of innovation theory.
Results: At end-of-trial, participants with diabetes for whom glycaemic, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and LDL cholesterol decision-support electronic health record prompts were accepted vs rejected, experienced no reduction in HbA1c [mean difference: -0.05 mmol/mol (95% CI -0.22, 0.13); P=0.599], but statistically significant improvements were observed for systolic blood pressure [mean difference: -11.6 mmHg (95% CI -13.9, -9.3); P ≤ 0.001], diastolic blood pressure [mean difference: -5.2 mmHg (95% CI -6.5, -3.8); P ≤ 0.001] and LDL cholesterol [mean difference: -0.7 mmol/l (95% CI -0.6, -0.8); P ≤0.001], respectively. The relative advantages and compatibility of the decision-support electronic health record system with existing clinic set-ups influenced physicians' acceptance of it. Software complexities and data entry challenges could be overcome by task-sharing.
Conclusion: Wider adherence to decision-support electronic health record prompts could potentially improve diabetes goal achievement, particularly when accompanied by assistance from a non-physician health worker.
© 2018 Diabetes UK.