Light wine consumption is associated with a lower odd for cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease

Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2018 Nov;28(11):1133-1139. doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2018.06.018. Epub 2018 Aug 22.


Aims: To examine the association between wine consumption and the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Data synthesis: We performed a cross-sectional logistic regression analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in participants 21 years of age or older from 2003 to 2006 in a large representative study of the U.S.

Population: Wine consumption was categorized as none (0 glass per day), light (<1 glass per day), or moderate (≥1 glasses per day). Prevalent CKD was defined as a urine albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) ≥30 mg/g or estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. CVD was defined as history of CVD including angina, myocardial infarction, or stroke. Only 27 (0.5%) individuals reported moderate wine consumption, whereas 57.5% and 42% reported abstinence and light wine consumption, respectively. Light wine consumption was associated with a lower prevalence of CKD as opposed to abstinence in unadjusted analysis. After adjusting for demographics and CVD risk factors light wine consumption was associated with lower prevalence of CKD defined as UACR ≥30 mg/g but not with low eGFR. Furthermore, light wine consumption was associated with significantly lower rates of CVD in the general population and in subjects with CKD. The adjusted odd of CVD for those with light wine consumption was 0.72 (CI 0.52-0.99, p = 0.046) for the subjects with CKD.

Conclusion: These data suggest that light wine consumption (compared to abstinence) is associated with lower prevalence of CKD and a lower odd of CVD in those with CKD in the U.S.

Keywords: CKD; CVD; Wine consumption.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Albuminuria / epidemiology
  • Albuminuria / physiopathology
  • Albuminuria / prevention & control
  • Alcohol Abstinence
  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / diagnosis
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / physiopathology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Humans
  • Kidney / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Surveys
  • Prevalence
  • Prognosis
  • Protective Factors
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / diagnosis
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / epidemiology*
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / physiopathology
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / prevention & control
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Wine*
  • Young Adult