Introduction: Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5i) are first-line therapy for most men with erectile dysfunction (ED). If ineffective, vacuum erection devices, intracavernous injections, and penile prosthesis implantation are suitable as second- or third-line therapies. However, very few patients select these therapies. It is critically important to improve erectile function with oral administration of effective agents. Administration of L-citrulline or transresveratrol in animal experiments has been reported to improve erectile function, but few such experiments have been performed on humans with ED.
Aim: We aimed to investigate the efficacy of combination therapy of L-citrulline and transresveratrol in patients with ED despite their use of PDE5i.
Methods: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover pilot study, men with ED (Sexual Health Inventory for Men [SHIM] score below 16) despite on-demand use of PDE5i received a placebo for 1 month or the active treatment (L-citrulline 800 mg/day and transresveratrol 300 mg/day) for another month. Patients continued on-demand use of PDE5i.
Main outcome measure: The SHIM score, Erection Hardness Score (EHS), Aging Male Symptoms Scale-sexual domain (AMS-SD), and adverse events were examined.
Results: 20 patients ages 29-78 years were enrolled, and after 6 men withdrew, 13 concluded the study without adverse events. Mean SHIM score for the active treatment increased significantly (10.96 ± 1.21) compared with baseline (8.32 ± 1.21) and placebo (8.31 ± 1.23) (both P < .05). Mean EHS score for the active treatment (2.56 ± 0.26) also increased from baseline (2.31 ± 0.26), but not significantly (P = .79). Mean AMS-SD score was not significantly different in either group.
Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the first study to show that combination therapy of L-citrulline and transresveratrol is effective for ED treatment in men with added on-demand use of PDE5i. This combination supplement may be added if PDE5i is insufficient. Shirai M, Hiramatsu I, Aoki Y, et al. Oral L-citrulline and Transresveratrol Supplementation Improves Erectile Function in Men With Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Crossover Pilot Study. Sex Med 2018;6:291-296.
Keywords: Erectile Dysfunction; L-Citrulline; PDE5i; Transresveratrol.
Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.