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Review
, 6 (2), 78-85
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A Review on Research Advances, Issues, and Perspectives of Morels

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Review

A Review on Research Advances, Issues, and Perspectives of Morels

Xi-Hui Du et al. Mycology.

Abstract

Morels, a group of the world's most prized edible and medicinal mushrooms, are of very important economic and scientific value. Here, we review recent research progress in the genus Morchella, and focus on its taxonomy, species diversity and distribution, ecological diversity, phylogeny and biogeography, artificial cultivation, and genome. We also discuss the potential issues remaining in the current research and suggest some future directions for study.

Keywords: Morchella; cultivation; ecology; evolutionary history; genome; species distribution; species diversity.

Figures

Figure 1.
Figure 1.
Phylogenetic tree* of Morchella inferred from a maximum parsimonious analysis of the combined ef1a-rpb1-rpb2 dataset. Verpa and Disciotis are used as outgroups. Bootstrap values (above 75%) are indicated above branches.
Figure 1.
Figure 1.
Phylogenetic tree* of Morchella inferred from a maximum parsimonious analysis of the combined ef1a-rpb1-rpb2 dataset. Verpa and Disciotis are used as outgroups. Bootstrap values (above 75%) are indicated above branches.
Figure 2.
Figure 2.
Hypothesis of place of origin, migration routes, and rapid radiation and speciation of morels.
Figure 2.
Figure 2.
Hypothesis of place of origin, migration routes, and rapid radiation and speciation of morels.

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Grant support

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China [No. 31300022], and by West Light Foundation of The Chinese Academy of Sciences.

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