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Randomized Controlled Trial
. 2019 Jan;51(1):94-103.
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001764.

Resistance Training Volume Enhances Muscle Hypertrophy but Not Strength in Trained Men

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Free PMC article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Resistance Training Volume Enhances Muscle Hypertrophy but Not Strength in Trained Men

Brad J Schoenfeld et al. Med Sci Sports Exerc. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate muscular adaptations between low-, moderate-, and high-volume resistance training protocols in resistance-trained men.

Methods: Thirty-four healthy resistance-trained men were randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups: a low-volume group performing one set per exercise per training session (n = 11), a moderate-volume group performing three sets per exercise per training session (n = 12), or a high-volume group performing five sets per exercise per training session (n = 11). Training for all routines consisted of three weekly sessions performed on nonconsecutive days for 8 wk. Muscular strength was evaluated with one repetition maximum (RM) testing for the squat and bench press. Upper-body muscle endurance was evaluated using 50% of subjects bench press 1RM performed to momentary failure. Muscle hypertrophy was evaluated using B-mode ultrasonography for the elbow flexors, elbow extensors, mid-thigh, and lateral thigh.

Results: Results showed significant preintervention to postintervention increases in strength and endurance in all groups, with no significant between-group differences. Alternatively, while all groups increased muscle size in most of the measured sites from preintervention to postintervention, significant increases favoring the higher-volume conditions were seen for the elbow flexors, mid-thigh, and lateral thigh.

Conclusions: Marked increases in strength and endurance can be attained by resistance-trained individuals with just three 13-min weekly sessions over an 8-wk period, and these gains are similar to that achieved with a substantially greater time commitment. Alternatively, muscle hypertrophy follows a dose-response relationship, with increasingly greater gains achieved with higher training volumes.

Figures

FIGURE 1
FIGURE 1
Flowchart of data collection process.
FIGURE 2
FIGURE 2
Prestudy to poststudy changes in muscle strength and endurance for each condition. (A) 1RM bench press; (B) 1RM squat; (C) upper body muscular endurance. Values for 1RMBENCH and RMSQUAT are in kilograms; values for 50%BP are in repetitions.
FIGURE 3
FIGURE 3
Prestudy to poststudy changes in MT for each condition. (A) Elbow flexors; (B) elbow extensors; (C) mid-thigh; (D) lateral thigh. All values are in millimeters.

Comment in

  • Statistical Power in a Recent Study by Schoenfeld et al.
    Mizelman E. Mizelman E. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2019 Sep;51(9):1971. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001999. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2019. PMID: 31415023 No abstract available.
  • Response.
    Schoenfeld BJ, Contreras B, Krieger J, Grgic J, Delcastillo K, Belliard R, Alto A. Schoenfeld BJ, et al. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2019 Sep;51(9):1972. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002000. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2019. PMID: 31415024 No abstract available.

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