Telehealth as a Model for Providing Behaviour Analytic Interventions to Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review

J Autism Dev Disord. 2019 Feb;49(2):582-616. doi: 10.1007/s10803-018-3724-5.


Interventions based on applied behaviour analysis are considered evidence based practice for autism spectrum disorders. Due to the shortage of highly qualified professionals required for their delivery, innovative models should be explored, such as telehealth. Telehealth utilises technology for remote training and supervision. The purpose of our study was to systematically review the literature researching telehealth and ABA. We analysed intervention characteristics, outcomes and research quality in 28 studies and identified gaps. Intervention characteristics were: (1) research design (2) participants (3) technology (4) dependent variables (5) aims. Outcomes were favourable with all studies reporting improvements in at least one variable. Quality ratings were significantly low. Implications for future research and practice are discussed in light of identified methodological downfalls.

Keywords: Applied behaviour analysis; Autism spectrum disorder; Telehealth.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Applied Behavior Analysis / methods*
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder / rehabilitation*
  • Evidence-Based Practice / methods
  • Humans
  • Telemedicine / methods*