Background and aim: Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) can be named as a natural fibrin-based biomaterial favorable to increasing vascularization and able to guide epithelial cell migration to its surface. The membrane has a significant positive effect on protecting open wounds and accelerating healing. Similar to PRF Ankaferd Blood Stopper (ABS) also has positive effects on wound healing. The aim of this study was to detect if we can improve known physical properties of PRF combining with ABS. This idea was based on the known mechanism of ABS in forming protein network without damaging any blood cells. Materials and Methods: A total of 25 adult rabbits used for collecting 5-7 ml of blood passively with the help of winged blood collection needle to the test tube. Collected samples were centrifuged at 3000 rpm for 10 min. Two similar samples obtained from each animal and one of the samples was placed in 20% ABS 80% saline solution for 5 min. Mechanical properties of the membrane samples were measured using Universal Testing Machine. Results: There is the statistically significant difference between PRF and ABS added PRF in elongation/mm (dL) and elongation/% at break values. Maximum force (fMax) and modulus values did not show any statistically significant differences.
Conclusion: ABS loaded PRF causes better physical properties. This combination seems to exhibit superior performance when used as a membrane barrier solely. Advanced studies can be done on biological properties of ABS loaded PRF, especially on tissue healing.
Keywords: Ankaferd bloodstopper; mechanical properties; platelet-rich fibrin; wound healing.