This study identified variables associated with interprofessional collaboration (IPC) among 315 mental health (MH) professionals working in primary health care (PHC) and specialized teams, within four Quebec (Canada) local service networks (LSNs). IPC was measured with a validated scale, and independent variables were organized according to a four-block conceptual framework that included Individual, Interactional, Organizational and Professional Role Characteristics. Bivariate and multiple linear regression analyses were performed. Five variables were associated with Interactional Characteristics (knowledge sharing, knowledge integration, affective commitment toward the team, team climate, team autonomy), and one variable with Professional Role (multifocal identification) and Individual Characteristics (age), respectively. Findings suggest the importance of positive team climate, knowledge sharing and knowledge integration, professional and team identification (multifocal identification), team commitment and autonomy for strengthening IPC in MH teams. These results suggest that team managers should remain alert to behavioral changes and tensions in their teams that could signal possible deterioration in IPC, while promoting IPC competencies, and interdisciplinary values and skills, in team activities and training programs. As well, the encouragement of team commitment on the part of senior professionals, and support toward their younger counterparts, may enhance IPC in teams.
Keywords: Determinants; interprofessional collaboration; mental health care; mental health professional; multiple linear regression.