Objective This study was performed to evaluate the association of the serum level of angiopoietin-like protein 2 (ANGPTL2) with circulating inflammatory markers and oxidized and modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol as evaluated by lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor 1 ligand containing apolipoprotein B (LAB) in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods The study included 70 patients with type 2 diabetes hospitalized for glycemic control and 9 control subjects. Results The serum level of ANGPTL2 was significantly higher in the patients with type 2 diabetes than in the healthy controls. There was a significant positive correlation between ANGPTL2 and the high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, and LAB levels and a significant negative correlation between ANGPTL2 and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Conclusions These results suggest that the serum ANGPTL2 level has a close positive association with inflammatory markers, especially fibrinogen and oxidized and modified LDL as evaluated by LAB. The data also suggest that the serum ANGPTL2 level is influenced by renal function as reflected by the eGFR.
Keywords: ANGPTL2; LAB; estimated glomerular filtration rate; fibrinogen; low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; type 2 diabetes.