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Observational Study
, 97 (35), e12093

Effect of Phosphoric Acid Concentration Used for Etching on the Microtensile Bond Strength to Fluorotic Teeth

Affiliations
Observational Study

Effect of Phosphoric Acid Concentration Used for Etching on the Microtensile Bond Strength to Fluorotic Teeth

Mengqin Gu et al. Medicine (Baltimore).

Abstract

To evaluate the effects of different etching concentrations of phosphoric acid on the microtensile bond strength of Adper Single Bond 2 to fluorotic teeth.Deidentified extracted teeth were collected, including 30 sound teeth, 30 teeth with mild fluorosis, 30 teeth with moderate fluorosis, and 30 teeth with severe fluorosis. The teeth in each group were randomly divided into 3 subgroups (n = 10) that were subjected to acid etching using 35%, 40%, or 45% phosphoric acid. Adper Single Bond 2 (3M, Saint Paul, MN) was used as the adhesive for bonding Z250 universal resin (3M) to the etched dental enamel. Microtensile testing was used to determine the bond strength. After the microtensile test, the fractured specimens were examined under scanning electron microscopy (SEM).Both dental fluorosis and concentrations of phosphoric acid significantly affected the microshear bond strength of Adper Single Bond 2 to dental enamel. The maximum bond strength was achieved by using 40% phosphoric acid. Failure analysis showed that most failures occurred at the bonding interface. The rates of failures at the bonding interface decreased as the degree of fluorosis increased and as the concentration of phosphoric acid increased from 35% to 45%.The bond strength of fluorosis tooth was lower than that of healthy tooth, the bond strength increased with the increasing concentration of phosphoric acid, but an excessively high acid concentration can conversely lead to an apparent decline in bond strength.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Representative SEM images of cross-sections of the bonded teeth from the: (A) Sound group treated with 35% phosphoric acid, (B) the Mild-F group treated with 35% phosphoric acid, (C) the Mild-F group treated with 40% phosphoric acid, and (D) the Mild-F group treated with 45% phosphoric acid. Scale bars: 50 μm.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Microtensile bond strength for teeth in the various groups etched using different concentrations of phosphoric acid (35%, 40%, or 45%) for 30 seconds.
Figure 3
Figure 3
Failure modes in microtensile bond strength test for various groups subjected to enamel surface etching with 35% (A), 40% (B), or 45% (C) phosphoric acid for 30 seconds.

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