Background: Galactomannan(s) are plant-derived fiber shown to reduce post-prandial blood glucose by delaying intestinal absorption of carbohydrates and slowing down gastric emptying. We examined glucose-lowering effects of BTI320, a propriety fractionated mannan(s) administered as a chewable tablet before meal in a proof-of-concept study in Chinese subjects with prediabetes.
Methods: Sixty Chinese adults aged 18-70 years with either impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, or glycated haemoglobin 5.7-6.4% (39-46 mmol/mol), were randomly assigned in 2:2:1 ratio to either BTI320 8 g (high dose), BTI320 4 g (low dose) or matching-placebo three times daily before meal for 16 weeks. The primary endpoint was change in fructosamine in subjects treated with BTI320 compared with placebo from baseline to week 4. Indices of glycaemic variability based on continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) and standard meal tolerance test were explored in secondary analyses.
Results: Of 60 subjects randomized, 3 subjects discontinued study treatment prematurely. In intention-to-treat analysis, no significant differences in change in serum fructosamine between low or high dose BTI320 and placebo were observed. Using random effect models, adjusted for variability by meals, treatment with low dose BTI320 was associated with reduction in 1-h (p < 0.01), 2-h (p = 0.01) and 3-h (p = 0.02) post-prandial incremental glucose area-under-curve and post-meal maximum glucose (p = 0.03) compared with placebo. Subjects receiving low dose BTI320 had greater body weight reduction than placebo group.
Conclusions: BTI320 did not change fructosamine levels compared with placebo. BTI320 reduced glycaemic variability based on CGM indices.
Trial registration: The study was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov , reference number NCT02358668 (9 February 2015).
Keywords: Fructosamine; Galactomannans; Prediabetes.