Enhancement of immunoblot sensitivity by heating of hydrated filters

Anal Biochem. 1986 Jul;156(1):147-53. doi: 10.1016/0003-2697(86)90166-1.


Immunoblots of either dot or Western type were exposed to heat before reaction with antibody. Dramatic increases in immunoblot sensitivity were seen for certain antigen-antibody pairs after heating of either dry or hydrated nitrocellulose filters at or above 100 degrees C. Heating of filters in the hydrated state improved the linearity of immunodetection and produced the highest signal-to-noise ratio. This treatment greatly increased immunoblot sensitivity with several peptide-generated antibodies, whereas decreased sensitivity was seen with antibodies against native proteins. Heating of hydrated filters after antigen immobilization is thus a potentially powerful way to increase the sensitivity of immunoblot analysis for antibodies that preferentially recognize epitopes in denatured proteins.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Collodion
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Filtration
  • Hot Temperature*
  • Immunoglobulin G / immunology
  • Immunoglobulin M / immunology
  • Immunologic Techniques*
  • Protein Denaturation*
  • Ubiquitins / immunology
  • Water


  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Immunoglobulin M
  • Ubiquitins
  • Water
  • Collodion