Background & aims: Many studies have suggested that fish intake is associated with protection from risk of atherosclerotic diseases; however, this association with aortic diseases has not been elucidated worldwide. We hypothesized that fish intake is inversely associated with mortality from aortic diseases (aortic dissection and aneurysm).
Methods: The study was conducted as a pooled analysis of original data from a maximum of 8 cohort studies, comprising a total of 366,048 community-based men and women who had no history of cardiovascular disease or cancer. In each cohort, we used Cox proportional hazards regression to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for mortality from aortic dissection, aneurysm and total aortic disease according to the frequency of fish intake and estimated summary HRs derived from each study.
Results: Nonlinear inverse associations were found between fish intake and total aortic disease. Compared with persons who ate fish 1-2 times/week, persons who seldom ate fish had higher mortality from total aortic disease (multivariable-adjusted pooled HR = 1.93; 95% CI, 1.13-3.31). Higher mortality was not seen in those who ate fish 1-2 times/month. A similar pattern was observed for aortic dissection. Regarding aortic aneurysm, both persons who seldom ate fish and those who ate fish 1-2 times/month had higher mortality (HR = 1.99; 95% CI, 0.90-4.40 and HR = 1.86; 95% CI, 0.87-3.98, respectively).
Conclusions: Persons who seldom ate fish had higher mortality from aortic dissection, aneurysm, and total aortic diseases.
Keywords: Diet; Epidemiology; Fatty acids; Meta-analysis; Prospective cohort study.
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