Tai Chi with music improves quality of life among community-dwelling older persons with mild to moderate depressive symptoms: A cluster randomized controlled trial

Geriatr Nurs. 2019 Mar-Apr;40(2):154-159. doi: 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2018.08.001. Epub 2018 Aug 31.


Depression leads to a poorer quality of life (QOL) which is a determinant of healthy ageing. Cost-effective solutions for enhancing QOL in the older population are much needed in China, with its rapidly ageing population. We conducted a randomized controlled trial involving 112 community-dwelling older participants with mild to moderate depression, to evaluate the effect of Tai Chi with music on QOL (57 in intervention group, 55 in control group). WHO Quality of Life-BREF was used to measure QOL at baseline and at every month for three months. Following the adjustments for sociodemographic data, the effect of intervention on QOL was assured (F = 25.145, P < 0.001, ηp2= 0.435, F = 18.696, P < 0.001, ηp2= 0.364, F = 17.473, P< 0.001, ηp2= 0.348, and F = 29.576, P < 0.001, ηp2= 0.475 for physical, psychological, social, and environment domains respectively). This intervention represents an economically viable solution to better QOL and healthy ageing in a highly populous developing nation.

Keywords: Depression; Music; Older persons; Quality of life; Tai Chi.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • China
  • Depression / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Independent Living
  • Male
  • Music*
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Tai Ji*

Associated data

  • ChiCTR/ChiCTR-IPR-15006300