[Molecular pharmacology of the catecholamine transporter of chromaffin granules from the bovine adrenal medulla]

Biochimie. 1986 Mar;68(3):451-8. doi: 10.1016/s0300-9084(86)80012-8.
[Article in French]


Tetrabenazine (TBZ) and reserpine are two inhibitors of the catecholamine uptake system of the chromaffin granule membrane. They are structural analogs of the substrates dopamine and serotonin and they inhibit the monoamine transporter, which catalyzes a H+/neutral amine antiport. [3H]Dihydrotetrabenazine ([3H]TBZOH) is bound by chromaffin granule membranes on one class of site (T sites, KD = 3 nM); [3H]reserpine is bound on T sites and a second class of site (R1 sites, KD = 0.7 nM). The two sites are involved in monoamine translocation. The substrates displace the ligands with different efficiency: noradrenaline (Km = 10 microM) displaces reserpine efficiently (EC50 = 30 microM), but TBZOH poorly (EC50 = 2000 microM); m-iodobenzylguanidine, which has recently been shown to be a substrate of the monoamine uptake system (Km = 5 microM), displaces TBZOH efficiently (EC50 = 25 microM), but reserpine inefficiently (EC50 = 300 microM). Since both substrates are translocated by the same transporter, this result confirms the existence of two sites with different properties. T sites are characterized by a linear relationship between the reciprocal of the dissociation constants of various drugs displacing [3H]TBZOH and their partition coefficient in octanol/H2O mixtures. This relationship, which indicates a hydrophobic environment of T sites, does not exist for R1 sites. T sites have been identified by covalent labeling with a derivative of TBZ coupled to an arylazido group. The labeled sites are borne by a 65,000 dalton protein. The kinetics of reserpine binding are accelerated in the presence of ATP.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • English Abstract
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • 3-Iodobenzylguanidine
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / pharmacology
  • Adrenal Medulla / ultrastructure*
  • Amines / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Biological Transport
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Catecholamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Cattle
  • Chromaffin Granules / metabolism*
  • Chromaffin System / metabolism*
  • Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide / pharmacology
  • Electrochemistry
  • Intracellular Membranes / metabolism
  • Iodobenzenes / metabolism
  • Kinetics
  • Membrane Transport Proteins*
  • Norepinephrine / metabolism
  • Protons
  • Reserpine / metabolism
  • Tetrabenazine / analogs & derivatives
  • Tetrabenazine / metabolism


  • Amines
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Catecholamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Iodobenzenes
  • Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Protons
  • dihydrotetrabenazine
  • 3-Iodobenzylguanidine
  • Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide
  • Reserpine
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Norepinephrine
  • Tetrabenazine