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, 2018, 2904694
eCollection

Diagnostic Performance of Red Cell Distribution Width in Adult Iraqi Patients With Ankylosing Spondylitis

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Diagnostic Performance of Red Cell Distribution Width in Adult Iraqi Patients With Ankylosing Spondylitis

Faiq I Gorial et al. Arthritis.

Abstract

Background: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic, progressive inflammatory rheumatic disease that leads to structural damage, functional impairment, and decrease in the quality of life. Red cell distribution width (RDW) is a part of the complete blood count (CBC) and estimates erythrocyte variability.

Objective: To analyse RDW in patients with AS and to evaluate the relationships with acute phase reactants (APRs) and disease activity index.

Patients and methods: A total of 100 patients with AS (78 males and 22 females) were diagnosed according to the modified New York classification criteria for AS and 146 (99 males: 47 females) healthy individuals matched in age and sex as controls enrolled in the study. Demographic data, disease activity scores using Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), medical history, C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocytes sedimentation rate (ESR), and complete blood count (CBC) were measured.

Results: The mean age for patients and controls was 38.0 ± 9.0 and 35.8 ± 9.0 years, respectively (p=0.057). RDW was significantly higher in patients with AS compared with controls (14.133 ± 1.613 versus 12.299 ± 1.031, p < 0.001). There was a direct correlation of RDW with both ESR and CRP (P < 0.001); RDW had r=0.38 for C-reactive protein (CRP) and r=0.413 for ESR. Also BASDAI was directly correlated with RDW (r=0.326 p<0.001). RDW was a valid measure to differentiate between patients with AS and controls (AUC=0,84, p<0.001) and at optimum cut-off value>13% has highest accuracy (78.9%) with very good sensitivity test (81%) and NPV (85.6%) as well as good specificity (77.4%) and PPV (71.1%).

Conclusion: RDW was higher in AS patients compared with controls and was directly correlated with ESR, CRP, and BASDAI. RDW was a valid simple measure with good accuracy to differentiate between patients with AS and controls.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Error bars of red cell distribution width (RDW) in ankylosing spondylitis patients and controls.
Figure 2
Figure 2
ROC curve showing RDW as a test to differentiate AS patients from controls. AS: ankylosing spondylitis; ROC: receiver operator characteristics; RDW: red cell distribution width; MPV: mean platelets volume; AUC: area under curve; CI: confidence interval; PPV: positive predictive value; NPV: negative predictive value.

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