[Quality of life in chronic urticaria and its relationship with economic impact and disease control in patients attended to at the University Hospital of Monterrey, Mexico]

Rev Alerg Mex. Jul-Sep 2018;65(3):250-258. doi: 10.29262/ram.v65i3.398.
[Article in Spanish]

Abstract

Background: Chronic urticaria (CU) manifests itself with hives and sometimes angioedema. Physical and social discomfort worsens patient quality of life. CU has an important impact on patients' economy.

Objective: To evaluate the relationship of quality of life (QoL) with economic burden and chronic urticaria control of in patients treated at our center.

Methods: Cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study. We included CU-diagnosed adult patients. The CU-Q2oL and UCT questionnaires in Spanish and the economic burden and comorbidities questionnaire developed by our center were applied. A sample size of 36 patients was calculated.

Results: 36 patients were included, out of which 58.3% were females. Mean age was 39.9 ± 15.6 years. Regarding QoL, 66.7% of patients reported being "A little" affected, 25% "Somewhat" and 8.3% "A lot", and its relationship with monthly income yielded a p-value of 0.017. 38.9% of patients reported having a monthly income of less than $ 5000 pesos. When disease control was compared with the CU-Q2oL, a significant difference was obtained for questions concerning itching.

Conclusion: There was association between the quality of life of patients with chronic urticaria and monthly income, the lower the income, the more will the quality of life be affected. Furthermore, greater CU control was observed to reduce the negative effects on quality of life caused by itching.

Antecedentes: La urticaria crónica se manifiesta con erupciones y ocasionalmente con angioedema. La molestia física y social empeora la calidad de vida de los pacientes, quienes, además, enfrentan importantes gastos. Objetivo: Evaluar la relación de la calidad de vida con la carga económica y el control de la urticaria crónica. Métodos: Estudio transversal, descriptivo y observacional. Se incluyeron adultos con diagnóstico de urticaria crónica. Se aplicaron los cuestionarios CU-Q2oL y UCT en español y un cuestionario sobre carga económica y enfermedades coexistentes. Se calculó un tamaño de muestra de 36 pacientes. Resultados: Se incluyeron 36 pacientes, 58.3 % fue del sexo femenino. La edad fue de 39.9 años ± 15.6. Respecto a la calidad de vida, 66.7 % reportó poca afectación, 25 % bastante y 8.3 % mucha; la relación con el ingreso económico mensual obtuvo p = 0.017; 38.9 % refirió ingresos mensuales menores a $5000. Al comparar el control de la enfermedad con el CU-Q2oL se obtuvo diferencia significativa para las preguntas referentes a prurito. Conclusiones: Existió asociación entre calidad de vida de los pacientes con urticaria crónica e ingreso familiar mensual: a menor ingreso, más afectación de la calidad de vida. A mayor control de la enfermedad, menor afectación.

Keywords: Chronic urticaria; Disease control; Economic burden; Quality of life.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Chronic Disease
  • Cost of Illness*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Hospitals, University
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mexico
  • Quality of Life*
  • Urticaria / economics*
  • Urticaria / therapy