Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) is a negative regulator of JAK/STAT signaling and is induced by mycobacterial infection. To understand the major function of SOCS1 during infection, we established a novel system in which recombinant Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin expressed dominant-negative SOCS1 (rBCG-SOCS1DN) because it would not affect the function of SOCS1 in uninfected cells. When C57BL/6 mice and RAG1-/- mice were intratracheally inoculated with rBCG-SOCS1DN, the amount of rBCG-SOCS1DN in the lungs was significantly reduced compared to that in the lungs of mice inoculated with a vector control counterpart and wild-type BCG. However, these significant differences were not observed in NOS2-/- mice and RAG1-/- NOS2-/- double-knockout mice. These findings demonstrated that SOCS1 inhibits nitric oxide (NO) production to establish mycobacterial infection and that rBCG-SOCS1DN has the potential to be a powerful tool for studying the primary function of SOCS1 in mycobacterial infection.
Keywords: Mycobacterium bovis BCG; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; SOCS1; nitric oxide; recombinant BCG.
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