[Satisfaction, health and work-related stress of the university professorship according to their contractual status]

Rev Salud Publica (Bogota). 2018 Jan-Feb;20(1):53-59. doi: 10.15446/rsap.V20n1.53569.
[Article in Spanish]

Abstract

Objective: There's a lot of literature about teachers' work conditions and the effects of such conditions on them. The goal of this research focuses on the analysis of the effects derived from the type of labour relationship with the University on the psycho-social dimensions of satisfaction, stress and perceived health.

Methods: Quasi-experimental study on a sample of 145 university professors from the seven public universities from Catalonia (Spain). The data was obtained in April 2014, by means of ISTAS21 questionnaire, intermediate version, in Spanish. From the 21 subscales in the instrument, only seven were used for data-gathering since they encompassed the dimensions of interest. A series of ANOVA analyses were performed, taking the three psycho-social dimensions as dependent variables and work stability and dedication (e.g. full- vs. partial-time) as independent variables.

Results: Professors with full-time work and unstable contracts showed worse health (both physical and mental) despite being the youngest, as well as larger symptoms of stress and lower job-satisfaction, compared with full-time professors with stable contracts and even compared part-time-jobs professors.

Conclusion: Job-stability seems to be a central variable in work-quality and health for the professors whose labour situation is unstable, something that influences both their teaching and research quality.

Objetivo: Analizar los efectos de la estabilidad contractual de los profesores universitarios en las dimensiones psicosociales de satisfacción, salud y estrés.

Método: Estudio descriptivo cuasi-experimental, tomando como muestra a 145 profesores de siete universidades públicas catalanas. El estudio se realizó durante el mes de abril de 2014. Se utilizó como base el cuestionario ISTAS21, versión media, en lengua castellana, del Cuestionario Psicosocial de Copenhaguen. De las 21 escalas incluidas, sólo se han tenido en cuenta las siete escalas relacionadas con los factores evaluados. Se realizaron una serie de análisis de varianza (ANOVA) considerando las puntuaciones obtenidas en las tres dimensiones psicosociales evaluadas como variables dependientes y la estabilidad laboral (permanencia y dedicación laboral) como variable independiente.

Resultados: Los profesores de tiempo completo con contratos laborales temporales muestran una peor salud física y mental -a pesar de ser el grupo más joven-, mayores síntomas de estrés y una menor satisfacción laboral, en comparación con profesores a tiempo completo y contrato estable; o profesores de tiempo parcial.

Conclusiones: La estabilidad laboral tiene repercusiones en la salud y calidad de vida laboral de los profesores que se encuentran en situación de inestabilidad, teniendo ello además repercusiones en la docencia y la investigación.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Employment / organization & administration*
  • Employment / psychology
  • Employment / statistics & numerical data
  • Faculty / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Health / statistics & numerical data*
  • Occupational Stress / epidemiology*
  • Spain / epidemiology