Motivation: Association studies to discover links between genetic markers and phenotypes are central to bioinformatics. Methods of regularized regression, such as variants of the Lasso, are popular for this task. Despite the good predictive performance of these methods in the average case, they suffer from unstable selections of correlated variables and inconsistent selections of linearly dependent variables. Unfortunately, as we demonstrate empirically, such problematic situations of correlated and linearly dependent variables often exist in genomic datasets and lead to under-performance of classical methods of variable selection.
Results: To address these challenges, we propose the Precision Lasso. Precision Lasso is a Lasso variant that promotes sparse variable selection by regularization governed by the covariance and inverse covariance matrices of explanatory variables. We illustrate its capacity for stable and consistent variable selection in simulated data with highly correlated and linearly dependent variables. We then demonstrate the effectiveness of the Precision Lasso to select meaningful variables from transcriptomic profiles of breast cancer patients. Our results indicate that in settings with correlated and linearly dependent variables, the Precision Lasso outperforms popular methods of variable selection such as the Lasso, the Elastic Net and Minimax Concave Penalty (MCP) regression.
Availability and implementation: Software is available at https://github.com/HaohanWang/thePrecisionLasso.
Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.
© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press.