Cardiac Disease in Pregnancy

AACN Adv Crit Care. Fall 2018;29(3):295-302. doi: 10.4037/aacnacc2018615.


In the United States, cardiac disease is a leading contributor to maternal mortality and morbidity. This review addresses the impact of cardiac disease on management of pregnancy and how the physiological changes of pregnancy complicate patient treatment. Approaches to assessing risk in pregnant women with cardiac disease are reviewed. Key elements of a successful disease management strategy are reviewed. Management of cardiac arrest in a pregnant patient is discussed.

Keywords: cardiac arrest; cardiac disease; congenital heart disease; pregnancy; valvular disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Critical Care Nursing / standards*
  • Female
  • Heart Diseases / nursing*
  • Humans
  • Obstetric Nursing / standards*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Pregnancy / physiology*
  • Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular / nursing*
  • Risk Assessment
  • United States