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, 16 (3), 1790-1799

A Meta-Analysis on Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Is Modified Transtibial Technique Inferior to Independent Drilling Techniques?

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A Meta-Analysis on Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Is Modified Transtibial Technique Inferior to Independent Drilling Techniques?

Qunhu Zhang et al. Exp Ther Med.

Abstract

This report respectively compared the standard transtibial (sTT) technique to the independent drilling (ID) techniques applied to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. It also made a comparison between the clinical results of the modified transtibial (mTT) technique and of the ID techniques. Prospective studies on transtibial (TT) and ID techniques for ACL reconstruction were retrieved from several databases and a subgroup analysis was performed to compare the sTT technique with the ID techniques and the mTT with the ID techniques. Furthermore, comparison of the Lachman test, pivot-shift test, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) subjective and objective evaluations, Lysholm score and Tegner activity scale were conducted. This report included 12 clinical studies that involved 681 patients having received ACL reconstruction. The study results indicated that in comparison between the sTT and ID techniques, the ID techniques outperformed the sTT technique in the IKDC subjective score (P=0.01) and laxity (P=0.0004). However, there was no significant difference in the IKDC objective score (P=0.34), pivot-shift test (P=0.24), Lachman test (P=0.21), Lysholm score (P=0.14) and Tegner activity scale (P=0.66). The comparison between the new mTT technique and the ID techniques suggested no significant difference in the IKDC objective and subjective scores (P=0.86), laxity (P=0.38), pivot-shift test (P=0.66), Lachman test (P=0.10), Lysholm score (P=0.10) and Tegner activity scale (P=0.55). Compared to the sTT technique, the mTT and ID techniques are more suitable for ACL reconstruction because they can present better subjective feelings. Moreover, considering that the TT technique is familiar to surgeons and the mTT technique can bring favorable subjective feelings and objective clinical outcomes, the mTT technique shows greater utilization potential.

Keywords: anatomic reconstruction; anterior cruciate ligament; meta-analysis; modified transtibial technique.

Figures

Figure 1.
Figure 1.
Records screening flow chart.
Figure 2.
Figure 2.
Comparison of IKDC objective scores between the TT and the ID group. IKDC, International Knee Documentation Committee; TT, transtibial; ID, independent drilling.
Figure 3.
Figure 3.
Comparison of IKDC subjective scores between the TT and the ID group. IKDC, International Knee Documentation Committee; TT, transtibial; ID, independent drilling.
Figure 4.
Figure 4.
Comparison of differences in laxity of bilateral knee joints between the TT and the ID group. TT, transtibial; ID, independent drilling.
Figure 5.
Figure 5.
Comparison of Lachman test results between the TT and the ID group. TT, transtibial; ID, independent drilling.
Figure 6.
Figure 6.
Comparison of pivot-shift test results between the TT and the ID group. TT, transtibial; ID, independent drilling.
Figure 7.
Figure 7.
Comparison of Lysholm knee scores between the TT and the ID group. TT, transtibial; ID, independent drilling.
Figure 8.
Figure 8.
Comparison of Tegner activity scale between the TT and the ID group. TT, transtibial; ID, independent drilling.

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