Despite recent advancements in understanding of the biology of gastric cancer, treatment of patients with advanced gastric cancer remains a major problem. Among different type of phytochemicals, curcumin, a welltable -known phytochemical, has been shown to be a promising cancer chemopreventive agent. Pharmacokinetics, safety, and efficacy of curcumin have been evaluated in several clinical trials against numerous diseases, and for the treatment of human cancer. In the present review, we have collected in vitro and in vivo investigations and studied the chemosensitizing and anticancer effects of curcumin against the gastric cancer cells. In summary, curcumin has been found to have efficient chemosensitizing effect and also inhibits viability, proliferation, and migration of gastric cancer cells mainly via cell cycle arrest and induction of apoptosis by both mitochondrial-dependent and -independent pathways.
Keywords: apoptosis; chemosensitization; curcumin; gastric cancer; phytochemical.
© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.