MUAC as the sole discharge criterion from community-based management of severe acute malnutrition in Burkina Faso

Matern Child Nutr. 2019 Apr;15(2):e12688. doi: 10.1111/mcn.12688. Epub 2018 Oct 10.


The use of mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) measurement to screen and determine eligibility for admission to therapeutic feeding programs has been established, but evidence and programmatic experience to inform guidance on the use of MUAC as a discharge criterion is limited. We present results from a large-scale nutritional program using MUAC for admission and discharge and compare program outcomes and response to treatment when determining eligibility for discharge by proportional weight gain versus discharge by MUAC. The study population included all children admitted to the Ministry of Health therapeutic feeding program supported by Médecins Sans Frontières in northern Burkina Faso from September 2007 to December 2011 (n = 50,841). Recovery was high overall using both discharge criteria, with low risks of death, nonresponse, and transfer to inpatient care and high daily gains in weight, MUAC, weight-for-height Z score, and height. When discharge was made by MUAC only, recovery increased, while all adverse program outcomes and length of stay decreased, with increasing MUAC on admission. MUAC-based programming, where MUAC is integrated into program screening, admission, and discharge, is one of several new approaches that can be used to target resources to the most at-risk malnourished children and improve program efficiency and coherency. This analysis provides additional programmatic experience on the use of MUAC-based discharge criterion, but more work may be needed to inform optimal discharge thresholds across settings.

Keywords: Burkina Faso; community-based management of acute malnutrition; discharge; mid upper arm circumference; proportional weight gain; severe acute malnutrition.

MeSH terms

  • Anthropometry / methods*
  • Arm / physiology*
  • Burkina Faso
  • Child, Preschool
  • Community Health Centers
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Patient Discharge / statistics & numerical data*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Severe Acute Malnutrition / diet therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome