Outcomes of Re-treatment by LASIK After SMILE

J Refract Surg. 2018 Sep 1;34(9):578-588. doi: 10.3928/1081597X-20180717-02.


Purpose: To report the outcomes of LASIK re-treatments after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE).

Methods: Retrospective review of all eyes to have undergone a re-treatment by LASIK after primary SMILE between September 2013 and January 2016. Thin-flap LASIK was used in most cases as long as sufficient tissue was available for safe flap creation between the maximum epithelial thickness and minimum cap thickness. Otherwise, the SMILE interface was converted into a LASIK flap by the Circle technique or side cut only. The multivariate nomogram for LASIK re-treatments was used, including sphere, cylinder, age, and primary spherical equivalent (SEQ) as variables. Patients were observed for 1 year after surgery and standard outcomes analysis was performed.

Results: A total of 116 LASIK re-treatments were performed in a population of 2,643 consecutive SMILE procedures, indicating a re-treatment rate of 4.39%. Mean attempted SEQ was -0.05 ± 0.99 diopters (D) (range: -1.88 to +1.50 D). Mean cylinder was -0.70 ± 0.55 D (range: 0.00 to -2.25 D). Postoperative uncorrected distance visual acuity was 20/20 or better in 81% of eyes, for a population with corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) of 20/20 or better in 95% before re-treatment. Mean postoperative SEQ relative to the target was +0.19 ± 0.49 D (range: -0.88 to +2.13 D), with 74% within ±0.50 D. Mean postoperative cylinder was -0.29 ± 0.24 D (range: 0.00 to -1.25 D). There was one line loss of CDVA in 15% of eyes, but no eyes lost two or more lines. There was a small increase in contrast sensitivity (P < .05). Overcorrection was identified in myopic re-treatments (n = 20) of -1.00 D or more; mean postoperative SEQ was +0.59 ± 0.64 D (range: -0.63 to +2.13 D).

Conclusions: Re-treatment after SMILE by LASIK achieved excellent visual and refractive outcomes, although these results indicate that myopic LASIK retreatment after primary myopic SMILE requires a different nomogram than for myopic LASIK re-treatment after primary myopic LASIK. [J Refract Surg. 2018;34(9):578-588.].

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Corneal Pachymetry
  • Corneal Stroma / surgery*
  • Corneal Surgery, Laser
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ / methods*
  • Lasers, Excimer / therapeutic use*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myopia / surgery
  • Refraction, Ocular / physiology
  • Reoperation
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Surgical Flaps
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Visual Acuity / physiology