Comparative Phytochemical Profiles and Antioxidant Enzyme Activity Analyses of the Southern Highbush Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) at Different Developmental Stages

Molecules. 2018 Aug 31;23(9):2209. doi: 10.3390/molecules23092209.


In this study, the fruit quality, anthocyanin content and antioxidant enzyme activities of skin and pulp of southern blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum) from China y at five developmental stages (green, pink, red, purple and blue) were investigated and anthocyanins were characterized and quantified by HPLC during the considered developmental stages. The results indicatated that the contents of phenolic, flavonoids and anthocyanin as well as antioxidant enzyme activities varied depending on the developmental stages. The correlation values between total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoids content (TFC) and total anthocyanin content (TAC) were significant. The highest activity of peroxidase (POD) and catalase (CAT) was found in red fruit, and the variety of monomeric anthocyanin increased gradually, skin from blue fruit possessed higher TAC. However, the highest activity of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were detected in green and blue fruit, respectively. In the present work, the differences regarding phytochemical profiles and antioxidant enzyme activities were mainly correlated with developmental stages of fruit.

Keywords: anthocyanins; antioxidant activity; blueberry; flavonoids; phenolics.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Acids / chemistry
  • Anthocyanins / analysis
  • Antioxidants / analysis*
  • Ascorbic Acid / analysis
  • Blueberry Plants / enzymology*
  • Blueberry Plants / growth & development*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Flavonoids / analysis
  • Fruit / growth & development
  • Phenols / analysis
  • Phytochemicals / analysis*
  • Solubility
  • Sugars / analysis
  • Water


  • Acids
  • Anthocyanins
  • Antioxidants
  • Flavonoids
  • Phenols
  • Phytochemicals
  • Sugars
  • Water
  • Ascorbic Acid