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Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of Essential Oils of Curcuma Species


Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of Essential Oils of Curcuma Species

Noura S Dosoky et al. Nutrients.


Members of the genus Curcuma L. have been used in traditional medicine for centuries for treating gastrointestinal disorders, pain, inflammatory conditions, wounds, and for cancer prevention and antiaging, among others. Many of the biological activities of Curcuma species can be attributed to nonvolatile curcuminoids, but these plants also produce volatile chemicals. Essential oils, in general, have shown numerous beneficial effects for health maintenance and treatment of diseases. Essential oils from Curcuma spp., particularly C. longa, have demonstrated various health-related biological activities and several essential oil companies have recently marketed Curcuma oils. This review summarizes the volatile components of various Curcuma species, the biological activities of Curcuma essential oils, and potential safety concerns of Curcuma essential oils and their components.

Keywords: Curcuma aeruginosa; Curcuma glans; Curcuma longa; Curcuma mangga; Curcuma zanthorrhiza; Curcuma zedoaria.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare no conflicts of interest. The funding sponsor, dōTERRA International, played no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analysis, or interpretation of the data; conclusions of the study; or in the decision to publish the results.


Figure 1
Figure 1
Chemical structures of key volatile components in the essential oil from Curcuma spp. rhizomes.

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