Applicability of Yeast Fermentation to Reduce Fructans and Other FODMAPs

Nutrients. 2018 Sep 6;10(9):1247. doi: 10.3390/nu10091247.


A diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and, polyols (FODMAPs) is recommended for people affected by irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and non-coeliac wheat sensitivity (NCWS) in order to reduce symptoms. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of 13 sourdough-related yeasts on FODMAP degradation, especially fructans. First, a model system containing a typical wheat carbohydrate profile was applied to evaluate the growth rate of each yeast strain. Additionally, changes in the sugar composition, for up to four days, were monitored by high-pressure anion-exchange chromatography (HPAEC). A more realistic approach with a wheat flour suspension was used to characterize CO₂ production according to the Einhorn method. The reduction of the total fructans was analyzed using an enzymatic method. Furthermore, a fingerprint of the present fructans with different degrees of polymerization was analyzed by HPAEC. The results revealed strong differences in the examined yeast strains' ability to degrade fructans, in both the model system and wheat flour. Overall, Saccharomycescerevisiae isolated from Austrian traditional sourdough showed the highest degree of degradation of the total fructan content and the highest gas building capacity, followed by Torulasporadelbrueckii. Hence, this study provides novel knowledge about the FODMAP conversion of yeast strains.

Keywords: FODMAPs; IBS; fermentation; fructan; sourdough; wheat; yeasts.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Bread / microbiology*
  • Carbon Dioxide / metabolism
  • Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / metabolism*
  • Fermentation*
  • Flour*
  • Fructans / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / growth & development
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Torulaspora / growth & development
  • Torulaspora / metabolism*
  • Triticum*


  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Fructans
  • Carbon Dioxide