Purpose: Avadomide is a novel, small-molecule therapeutic agent that modulates cereblon E3 ligase activity and exhibits potent antitumor and immunomodulatory activities. This first-in-human phase I study (NCT01421524) evaluated the safety and clinical activity of avadomide in patients with advanced solid tumors, non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), and multiple myeloma.
Patients and methods: Thirty-four patients were treated with avadomide in 7 dose-escalation cohorts using a 3 + 3 design (0.5-3.5 mg, 28-day continuous dosing cycles). The primary objectives were to determine the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), nontolerated dose (NTD), maximum tolerated dose (MTD), recommended phase II dose, and pharmacokinetics of avadomide. The secondary objective was to determine preliminary avadomide efficacy. Exploratory objectives included evaluation of pharmacodynamic effects of avadomide.
Results: DLTs were reported in 2 patients, and grade ≥3 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) occurred in 14 patients (41%). The most common TEAEs (≥15%) were fatigue, neutropenia, and diarrhea. The NTD and MTD were 3.5 and 3.0 mg, respectively. Of 5 patients with NHL, 1 achieved a complete response, and 2 had partial responses. Although no objective responses were observed in patients with solid tumors, 5 of 6 patients with brain cancer experienced nonprogression of ≥6 months. A dose-dependent relationship between Aiolos degradation in peripheral B and T cells occurred within 5 hours of the first dose of avadomide administered, starting at 0.5 mg.
Conclusions: Avadomide monotherapy demonstrated acceptable safety and favorable pharmacokinetics in patients with solid tumors, NHL, and multiple myeloma. In addition, 3 objective responses were observed in NHL.
©2018 American Association for Cancer Research.