The Possibility of Applying the Vitamin D Brief Food Frequency Questionnaire as a Tool for a Country with No Vitamin D Data in Food Composition Tables

Nutrients. 2018 Sep 10;10(9):1278. doi: 10.3390/nu10091278.


Although the role of vitamin D is well known, the possibility of assessing its intake may be constricted in countries with no vitamin D data in food composition tables, as in the case of Croatia. The aim of the presented study was to adjust the VIDEO-FFQ (Vitamin D Estimation Only-Food Frequency Questionnaire), previously validated in Poland, to the Croatian population and to assess the validity and reproducibility of the adjusted Cro-VIDEO-FFQ (Croatian-VIDEO-FFQ). The study involved a group of Croatian women aged 20⁻30 and the Polish questionnaire was adjusted for a population due to similarities of the nutritional habits between countries. 106 individuals were recruited and 63 completed all the stages of the study. Participants conducted a 3-day dietary record and filled out the Cro-VIDEO-FFQ1 (first stage), as well as the same questionnaire (Cro-VIDEO-FFQ2) 6 weeks after (second stage). The following vitamin D intakes were observed in the studied group: 1.9 µg (0.2⁻8.0 µg) for 3-day dietary record, 3.3 µg (1.1⁻10.6 µg) for Cro-VIDEO-FFQ1, 3.6 µg (1.4⁻7.8 µg) for Cro-VIDEO-FFQ2. The Bland-Altman indexes in assessment of validity and reproducibility were 4.8% and 6.3%, respectively, with mean differences of 0.55 µg and 0.12 µg, as well as limits of agreement -0.91⁻2.01 µg and -0.44⁻0.69 µg. The kappa coefficient indicated a fair agreement for validity (0.21) and substantial for reproducibility (0.62), while correlations were significant (p = 0.0027, r = 0.37 for validity; p < 0.0001, r = 0.80 for reproducibility). It was observed that VIDEO-FFQ may be adjusted as a simple tool to assess vitamin D intake in a population with no vitamin D data in food composition tables, while Cro-VIDEO-FFQ may be a valid tool for nutritional assessment in Croatia.

Keywords: VIDEO-FFQ; food frequency questionnaire; intake assessment; reproducibility; validation study; validity; vitamin D.

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Croatia
  • Diet Records*
  • Diet Surveys / methods
  • Diet Surveys / standards*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Language
  • Nutrition Assessment*
  • Nutritional Status
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards*
  • Vitamin D / analysis*
  • Young Adult


  • Vitamin D