Brief Report: Integration of PrEP Services Into Routine Antenatal and Postnatal Care: Experiences From an Implementation Program in Western Kenya

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2018 Dec 15;79(5):590-595. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001850.


Background: Programmatic approaches for delivering pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to pregnant and postpartum women in settings with high HIV burden are undefined. The PrEP Implementation for Young Women and Adolescents (PrIYA) Program developed approaches for delivering PrEP in maternal child health (MCH) clinics.

Methods: Under the PrIYA Program, nurse-led teams worked with MCH staff at 16 public, faith-based, and private facilities in Kisumu, Kenya, to determine optimal clinic flow for PrEP integration into antenatal care (ANC) and postnatal care (PNC). A program-dedicated nurse facilitated integration. HIV-uninfected women were screened for behavioral risk factors; same-day PrEP was provided to interested and medically eligible women. PrEP and MCH services were evaluated using standardized flow mapping and time-and-motion surveys.

Results: Clinics developed 2 approaches for integrating PrEP delivery within ANC/PNC: (1) co-delivery: ANC/PNC and PrEP services delivered by same MCH nurse or (2) sequential services: PrEP services after ANC/PNC by a PrEP-specialized nurse. Three clinics selected co-delivery and 13 sequential services, based on patient volume and space availability. Overall, 86 ANC/PNC visits were observed. Clients who initiated PrEP took a median of 18 minutes (interquartile range 15-26) for PrEP-related activities (risk assessment, PrEP counseling, creatinine testing, dispensation, and documentation) in addition to other routine ANC/PNC activities. For clients who declined PrEP, an additional 13 minutes (interquartile range 7-15) was spent on PrEP-related risk assessment and counseling.

Conclusions: PrEP delivery within MCH used co-delivery or sequential approaches. The moderate additional time burden for PrEP initiation in MCH would likely decline with community awareness and innovations such as group/peer counseling or expedited dispensing.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Chemoprevention / methods*
  • Disease Transmission, Infectious / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Kenya
  • Postnatal Care / organization & administration*
  • Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis / methods*
  • Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis / organization & administration*
  • Prenatal Care / organization & administration*
  • Young Adult