Purpose: To determine whether treatment order affects ophthalmic vascular event rates after intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) for retinoblastoma.
Methods: Patients who received IAC as primary or secondary treatment for retinoblastoma from January 2009 to January 2018 were included. All eyes were imaged with fundus photography and fluorescein angiography. Patient characteristics and vascular event rates were compared using t-test and Fisher's exact test.
Results: There were 196 patients treated with 682 infusions of IAC, divided into primary (no previous therapy, 98 eyes of 98 patients, 328 infusions) and secondary (after other therapy, 105 eyes of 98 patients, 354 infusions) treatment. Overall, ophthalmic vascular events were found after 5% of infusions (17% eyes). A comparison of ophthalmic vascular events (primary vs. secondary IAC), with mean three infusions per eye (median 3, range 1-7), revealed no difference in overall percentage of eyes affected (18% vs. 15%, P = 0.57). Adverse vascular events per eye included retinal vasculature attenuation (1% vs. 0%, P = 0.99), peripheral retinal pruning (1% vs. 0%, P = 0.99), branch retinal artery occlusion (0% vs. 1%, P = 0.99), central retinal artery occlusion (0% vs. 1%, P = 0.99), macular ischemia (0% vs. 2%, P = 0.51), vitreous hemorrhage (2% vs. 3%, P = 0.92), subretinal hemorrhage (1% vs. 0%, P = 0.99), retinal pigment epithelium atrophy (6% vs. 3% P = 0.43), choroidal atrophy (4% vs. 2%, P = 0.92), optic disk pallor (1% vs. 0%, P = 0.99), and ophthalmic artery occlusion (9% vs. 6%, P = 0.35).
Conclusion: Ophthalmic vascular events after IAC for retinoblastoma affect only 5% of eyes per infusion (17% of treated eyes). Vascular event risk per eye is similar when using IAC as primary or secondary treatment.